新闻详情
当前位置:首页-新闻中心

118图图库图片

2020-02-19 10:44:47 官方地址:http://pm2517.com 浏览次数 237816
字体大小: 14px 16px 18px
Jobcentres still a lifeline 100 years after Churchill opened the firstAmong the first advertised vacancies were a picture frame gilder,

confectioners packer and a piano regulator. Employers could specify whether they wanted a man or a woman and could rule out candidates on the basis of their colour. Equality counted for nothing but, 100 years ago today, the launch of the Labour Exchange, now known as the Jobcentre, changed the f

ace of Britain. They put an end to the sight of desperate men queuing outsid

e factory gates begging for work and paved the way for the modern welfare state. The Daily Mirrors front page hailed their arrival and a century on, as the jobless total stands at nearly 2.5 million, they are again at the forefront of the fight against unemployment. It was on February 1, 1910, that Winston Churchill - then a Liberal MP and President of the Board of Trade - opened the first Labour Exchange in Camberwell, South London. Unemployment was on the in

crease and there were fears in Government that

Germany, with i

ts more advanced Welfare State, would overtake Britain as Europes top dog. Aiming to stave off the slump and slash unemployment, 62 Labour Exchanges were opened on that momentous day. They were painted a distinctive green and by the end of the year 150 - in factories

, shops and chapels - were up an118图图库图片 d running. Children as young as 11 joined the 20,000 people who flooded the centres in the first recruitment drive of its kind. The system was the vision of social reformer William Beveridge, who joined the Board of Trade to sort out the chaotic labour market. Up until then, people had relied on finding work through word of mouth or setting up camp around the factories and shipyards until jobs came up. Welfare expert Derek Fraser claims the introduction of the Labour Exchanges was a revolutionary change from the Victorian era which blamed poverty on the poor. He said: Labour Exchanges had a different set of values that did not describe people as deserving or undeserving. If

you paid national insurance you got benefits. In 1911, a year after the first Exchange opened, 1.3 million were employed in domestic service, 1.2 million in farming and just under one million in mining. More than 600,000 were working in the cotton industry. More than 5% of kids aged 10-14 were working full-time and, by the outbreak of the First World War, the Exchanges had become agencies for military conscription. They registered t

he men who were heading off to fight, and help ed the women fill vacated jobs. The system carried on ticking over through the Great Depression, the Second World War and then a social revolution before being given a massive overhaul in the 70s. Britains unemployment figures had begun to climb and Prime Minister Ted Heath decided a facelift was needed. The old Labour Exchanges were garishly rebranded with orange and black decor, renamed Jobcentres and began opening up on high streets. Mr Fraser said: The new branding dates from the 70s. But because of high une

mployment [in the

80s] of three million, there was a lot of hostility about welfare dependency. IMAGE It was still stigmatised. The buildings were austere and bleak, and some had fences between officers and clients because of fear of physical assault. People were viewed as morally

suspect for claiming benefits. But over the last two decades the Jobcentres image has changed again. Now known as Jobcentre Plus and with an annual budget of more than 3billion, there are 750 offices nationwide, themselves employing 78,000 people and filling 1.5 million vacancies every year. The open-plan, sleek and userfriendly centres deal with 10,000 new vacancies every day, processing 81,000 calls and 20,000 benefit claims. The us and them culture has long gone and todays jobseekers are invited to meet one-to-one w

ith advisers to help them back into work. Charles Law, union rep for 50,000 Jobcentre Plus workers, said: Jobcentres have h

ad a huge impact on helping people find work. Look at the latest recession where everyone thought wed have much higher unemployment. If it wasnt for Jobcentres that would probably be the case. The Labour Exchange legacy lives

on, 100 years and counting.... 10,000 New vacancies per day come in to Britains 750 Jobcentres

Copyright © 1998 - 2015